1991 – 1999


History of Ireland 1991 – 1999


  • January 1 – Limerick City celebrates 300 years of the Treaty of Limerick.
  • January 6 – The Irish Government and the EC Commission meet in Dublin to officially launch the Irish EC Presidency.
  • January 17 – There controversy as the government allows US war planes to refuel at Shannon Airport.
  • January 24 – The new Government Buildings in the renovated College of Science are officiall opened.
  • March 14 – After spending 16 years in prison the Birmingham Six are freed.
  • March 16 – Dublin is officially inaugurated as the European City of Culture.
  • November 6 – Kildare TD Seán Power proposes a no-confidence motion in Charles Haughey‘s leadership.
  • November 7 – The Minister for Finance, Albert Reynolds, is sacked from the government over his intention to support the no-confidence motion.
  • November 13 – Jim McDaid, the new Defence Minister, resigns following criticism from the opposition over his attendence at an IRA funeral.


  • January 20 – Peter Brooke offers to resign as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland following criticism of his singing on The Late Late Show only hours after an IRA bomb explodes.
  • January 30 – Charles Haughey resigns as leader of Fianna Fáil.
  • February 6 – Albert Reynolds is elected the fifth leader of Fianna Fáil.
  • February 11 – Charles Haughey resigns as Taoiseach. Albert Reynolds collects his seal of office as his successor.
  • February 18 – An Taoiseach, Albert Reynolds, discusses the situation with other party leaders as the High Court prevents a 14-year-old rape victim from going to Britain for an abortion.
  • February 26 – The Supreme Court lift the High Court ruling preventing a 14-year-old girl from going to Britain for an abortion.
  • April 13 – 250 years after the first performance of Handel‘s Messiah in Dublin, the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields performs the oratario at the Point Theatre.
  • May 7 – Bishop Eamon Casey of Galway resigns following the revelation that he is the father of a teenage boy.
  • May 9 – Linda Martin wins the Eurovision Song Contest for Ireland.
  • May 31 – Christy O’Connor Jnr wins the British Masters golf tournament.
  • July 8 – President Robinson addresses both houses of the Oireachtas.
  • August 8 – Michael Carruth wins Ireland’s first gold medal in 36 years at the Olympic Games in Barcelona. Wayne McCullough wins a silver medal.
  • November 5 – The government loses a confidence motion and the Dáil is dissolved. Two former Taoisigh, Charles Haughey and Garret FitzGerald, announce their retirement from politics.



  • April 14 – The Central Bank issues the new £5 note.
  • April 30 – Ireland wins the 39th Eurovision Song Contest with the song Rock ‘n’ Roll Kids.
  • May 26 – Jack Charlton is awarded the freedom of Dublin City.
  • June 6 – Irish D-Day veterans join Allied leaders at a 50th commemerative ceremony on Omaha Beach.
  • July 26 – The Minister for Education, Niamh Bhreathnach, pledges the introduction of free third-level education for everyone over the next three years.
  • August 31 – The IRA announce a complete cessation of military operations.
  • September 6 – An TaoiseachAlbert Reynolds, John Hume and Gerry Adams hold an historic meeting at Government Buildings. All three pledge their commitment to the democratic idea.
  • September 30 – An TaoiseachAlbert Reynolds and members of the government wait at Shannon Airport to greet President Boris Yeltsin. He fails to leave the aircraft to meet them.
  • October 13 – Loyalist paramilitary groups announce a ceasefire six weeks after the IRA.
  • October 28 – The inaugural session of the Forum for Peace and Reconciliation takes place in St. Patricks Hall, Dublin Castle.
  • November 16 – The Fianna FáilLabour coalition collapses.
  • November 17 – Albert Reynolds tenders his resignation as Taoiseach. However, the Dáil is not sissolved.
  • November 19 – Bertie Ahern is elected leader of Fianna Fáil.


  • January 27 – An Taoiseach, John Bruton, and Gerry Adams hold their first formal discussions.
  • February 2 – President Mary Robinson addresses a joint session of the Houses of the Oireachtas.
  • February 15 – English soccer hooligans riot at Lansdowne Road during a friendly between the Republic of Ireland and England. The match is abandoned.
  • February 22 – The BritishPrime Minister, John Major, and the IrishTaoiseach, John Bruton, launch the framework document regarding Northern Ireland.
  • March 19 – Dublin boxer Stephen Collins beats world champion Chris Eubank to win the WBO super middleweight championship title.
  • May 25 – The last edition of The Irish Press is published.
  • May 31 – Prince Charles begins his first official visit to Dublin.
  • June 4 – Ireland qualifies for the quarter finals of the Rugby World Cup.
  • September 9 – David Trimble becomes leader of the Ulster Unionist Party.
  • September 13 – The Cabinet agrees the wording of the Constitutional Amendment on divorce.
  • October 5 – Séamus Heaney is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • November 1 – Fianna FáilTDBrian Lenihan dies aged 64.
  • November 11 – Neil Blaney, the longest serving member in the Dáil, is buried on the Fanad Penninsula.
  • November 21 – South Africa’s deputy-President, FW de Klerk, addresses the Forum for Peace and Reconciliation at Dublin Castle.
  • November 26 – A recount in the Divorce Referendum reveals that a majority of the electorate has voted in favour of divorce.
  • November 30 – American President Bill Clinton and his wife Hillary spend the day in Northern Ireland.
  • December 1 – 80,000 cheer President Bill Clinton at College Green in Dublin. Afterwards he attends a state dinner at Dublin Castle.
  • December 12 – Plans for a £200 million light rail transit system in Dublin are announced. The Luas will connect the city centre with Tallaght, Dundrum and Ballymun.
  • December 21 – Jack Charlton retires as manager of the Republic of Ireland soccer team.





  • January 4 – The Euro amkes its debut on European financial markets.
  • May 21 – Gay Byrne hosts his last Late Late Show after 37 years.
  • May 22 – The electorate of the entire island of Ireland go to the polls to vote on the Good Friday Agreement.
  • May 23 – People North and South give their overwhelming support to the Good Friday Agreement.
  • August 11 – Ireland joins the world and watches the last solar eclipse of the millennium.
  • August 28 – 80,000 fans see the Robbie Williams concert at Slane Castle, County Meath.
  • October 12 – Peter Mandelson arrives in Belfast as the new Secretary of State for Northern Ireland.
  • October 20 – President McAleese leads tributes to the former TaoiseachJack Lynch who died this morning aged 82.
  • November 29 – Ten designated ministers are appointed to the Northern Ireland Assembley.
  • December 2 – The Irish Government ratifies changes to Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution.
  • December 13 – The first meeting of the North-South Ministerial Council takes place in Armagh.
  • December 31 – The last sunset of the millennium occurs at 4.41 pm at Dursey Head in west Cork.



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