History of Ireland 1900 – 1920

 

 

20th-century Ireland timelines

1901-1910

1901

  • Centenary year of the Act of Union.
  • Edward VII is proclaimed King of Ireland in a state ceremony in Dublin.
  • Members of the Irish Yeomanry return home from fighting in South Africa.
  • The Irish census shows the population of Ireland to be 4,459,000.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are London (hurling) and Dublin (football)

1902

  • Archbishop Croke, patron of the GAA, dies at the age of 78.
  • Waterford City confer the freedom of the city on John Redmond.
  • The centenary of the Christian Brothers is celebrated.
  • The UKLiberal Party stops its support for Home Rule.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Cork (hurling) and Dublin (football)

1903

  • St. Patrick’s day becomes a national holiday in Ireland.
  • Robert Erskine Childers publishes The Riddle of the Sands.
  • The Wyndham Land Act is passed – it solves the land purchase problem.
  • The Independent Orange Order is founded in Belfast.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Cork (hurling) and Kerry (football)

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1904

  • The Abbey Theatre is founded in Dublin
  • June 16 – Bloomsday. James Joyce meets Nora Barnacle for the first time.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Kerry (football)

1905

  • Sinn Féin is founded by Arthur Griffith.
  • The Ulster Unionist Council is founded. It helps to forge links between the Orange Order and Unionists.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Kildare (football)

1906

  • Count John McCormack makes his stage debut in Italy.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Tipperary (hurling) and Dublin (football)

1907

  • The Playboy of the Western World causes controversy when it is staged in the Abbey Theatre.
  • Irish-born Ernest Shackleton leads an Antarctic expedition.
  • Marconi begins a wireless service between Clifden and Canada.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Dublin (football)

1908

1909

  • James Larkin forms the Irish Transport & General Workers Union (ITGWU)
  • The first flight by an Irish plane is made at Hillsborough.
  • Ireland ‘s first cinema, the Volta Cinema, opens in Dublin.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Kerry (football)

1910

  • The Unionist Party is formed with the aim of maintaining the Act of Union.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Wexford (hurling) and Louth (football)

1911-1920

1911

  • The Parliament Act is passed in the House of Commons – Lords can now delay a bill for only two years.
  • The Irish census shows the population to be 4,400,000.
  • The Titanic is launched at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Cork (football)

1912

  • The Third Home Rule Bill is accepted by the House of Commons, but is postponed for two years.
  • 500,000 Ulster people sign the Solemn League and Covenant.
  • The Titanic sinks in the Atlantic – its last port of call was County Cork.
  • The Irish Labour Party is founded.
  • D. W. Corbett makes the first flight across the Irish sea.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Cork (football)

1913

  • The Great Dublin Lock-Out takes place.
  • The Irish Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army are established.
  • The Ulster Volunteer Force is formed in Belfast.
  • Irish is accepted as a matriculation subject for entry to the National University of Ireland.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Kerry (football)

1914

  • The Curragh Mutiny – 57 British army officers refuse to implement Home Rule if it’s introduced.
  • World War I begins.
  • The granting of Home Rule is postponed until after the war.
  • Cumann na mBan is founded.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Kilkenny (hurling) and Kerry (football)

1915

  • Douglas Hyde resigns as President of the Gaelic League.
  • The Military Council of the IRB is formed.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Laois (hurling) and Wexford (football)

1916

  • The Easter Rising takes place
    • April 3 – Irish Volunteers prepare for rising on Easter Sunday (April 23)
    • April 21 – The Aud captured with arms meant for rising
    • April 22 – Eoin MacNeill countermands order for rising
    • April 24 – Rising occurs in Dublin one day late; Proclamation of the Irish Republic read by Patrick Pearse on steps of the G.P.O.
    • April 25 – Martial Law is declared in Dublin.
    • April 29 – The leaders of the Rising surrender unconditionally.
    • May 3 – 12: Fourteen leaders of Rising are shot in Kilmainham Jail
    • August 3 – Sir Roger Casement hanged in London
    • The All-Ireland Champions are Tipperary (hurling) and Wexford (football)

1917

  • Eamon de Valera is elected President of Sinn Féin.
  • Thomes Ashe dies after a hunger strike.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Dublin (hurling) and Wexford (football)

1918

  • November 11: World War I ends.
  • Sinn Féin win a majority of Irish seats in the general election.
  • Countess Constance Markievicz becomes the British parliament’s first female MP.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Limerick (hurling) and Wexford (football)

1919

  • Jan 21: The first Dáil Éireann meets in the Mansion House, Dublin.
  • The War of Independence begins.
  • Alcock & Brown land at Clifden, Galway after completeing the first transatlantic flight.
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Cork (hurling) and Kildare (football)

1920

  • Bloody Sunday
  • A young medical student, Kevin Barry, is hanged due to his republican activities.
  • Lord-Mayor of Cork, Tomás MacCurtain, is assassinated.
  • The politician, Terence MacSwiney, dies after a hunger strike.
  • The Irish Republican Army (IRA) is established.
  • The Government of Ireland Act 1920 is passed in the House of Commons
  • The All-Ireland Champions are Dublin (hurling) and Tipperary (football)

 

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